Anima Foundation is amongst India’s leading assessment and certification organizations that was founded with the objective of providing scalable, quality, multi-lingual and transparent assessment solutions. We work with large corporate clients, schools, colleges, universities and the government- specifically multiple Sector Skill Councils.
Being a leading innovative data driven assessment and certification organization, Anima Foundation has developed an expertise in assessing and certifying varied candidate profile from students to jobseekers to experienced employees across various sectors in diverse geographies. Anima Foundation’s reputation as a body providing high quality standards and world class service levels has earned it good accolades over the years.

Highly recommended

Fantastic work! I am just impressed by their service quality and working strategy. I hired them for the development of my online store and they have satisfied me to the full by delivering the exceptional solution. They have a great expertise, are dedicated, attentive, talented and care much about the client needs. Highly recommended.
5
2019-11-23T18:15:20+05:30
Fantastic work! I am just impressed by their service quality and working strategy. I hired them for the development of my online store and they have satisfied me to the full by delivering the exceptional solution. They have a great expertise, are dedicated, attentive, talented and care much about the client needs. Highly recommended.

We are looking forward to the next collaboration

Anima Foundation is a highly skilled team with an eye for details. We got exactly what we wanted and more. The project management and communication works really well through the online project tools and the dedicated project manager made a great job keeping things together. We are looking forward to the next collaboration!
5
2019-11-23T18:36:19+05:30
Anima Foundation is a highly skilled team with an eye for details. We got exactly what we wanted and more. The project management and communication works really well through the online project tools and the dedicated project manager made a great job keeping things together. We are looking forward to the next collaboration!

Anima Foundation offered us the right guidance

Anima Foundation offered us the right guidance when we required an application to promote our business. Before hiring them, we had a discussion with their development team and they guided us on how to convert our idea into an app. The development team was in touch with us throughout the development process and ensured that they are creating everything as per our need. In the end, we get an app solution that has been helping us grow our business. Thanks a ton, Anima Foundation!

Acedell

5
2019-11-23T18:57:59+05:30

Acedell

Anima Foundation offered us the right guidance when we required an application to promote our business. Before hiring them, we had a discussion with their development team and they guided us on how to convert our idea into an app. The development team was in touch with us throughout the development process and ensured that they are creating everything as per our need. In the end, we get an app solution that has been helping us grow our business. Thanks a ton, Anima Foundation!

Anima Foundation can be extremely useful and beneficial

The services offered by Anima Foundation can be extremely useful and beneficial for Examination Management. I am very comfortable in referring you to their services which are varied and many. They have access to an extensive range of skilled and experienced Teacher and Assessor who are able to offer a considered and objective response to a client’s work in a timely manner.

Subir Sarkar

Career Circle

5
2020-02-03T23:31:37+05:30

Subir Sarkar

Career Circle

The services offered by Anima Foundation can be extremely useful and beneficial for Examination Management. I am very comfortable in referring you to their services which are varied and many. They have access to an extensive range of skilled and experienced Teacher and Assessor who are able to offer a considered and objective response to a client’s work in a timely manner.

I wouldn’t hesitate to recommend them.

That Anima Foundation are a brilliant ecommerce “one stop shop” solution. I have worked with them closely across a number of varied Website design projects and they handle everything with expertise, sensitivity and a high level duty of care. I wouldn’t hesitate to recommend them.
5
2020-02-03T23:51:21+05:30
That Anima Foundation are a brilliant ecommerce “one stop shop” solution. I have worked with them closely across a number of varied Website design projects and they handle everything with expertise, sensitivity and a high level duty of care. I wouldn’t hesitate to recommend them.
5

Video Testimonial

Services and Facilities of Anima Foundation.

Online Examination System is a computerized system which gives instant results and also saves time. It fully automates the previous manual process of taking written exams. schemes. Students can study independently for example at home or any place.
  • Online Examination System is a computerized system which gives instant results and also saves time.
  • It fully automates the previous manual process of taking written exams.
  • It is implemented by web based online examination software or through Intranet variance .It decreases the need of supervision during the exam is being examine or taken using web based Online Examination System gives a high level of clarity as opposite of traditional method. Most of Online Examination System gives theresult and instantly
  • In high school, Online Examination
  • System is able to reduce the workload of teachers by using automated test paper exams and marking schemes.
  • Students can study independently for example at home or any place.
  • The amount of time given at a particular question gives you the ability of “Quick Learning Quick Thinking“.
  • The data in Online Examination System is regenerated repeatedly so that students have access to new data.
  • The question and answers may be tricky and confusing as there are multiple choices for answers.
  • Lack of interaction between the teacher and student.
  • Network problems may arise in Online Examination System, test may be postponed or cancel
  • As India is not a fully developed country problem may arise in rural areas where there is deficiency of computers or where computers are not yet discovered.
  • Hackers can easily manage to achieve confidential data through fake online application or websites.
  • While attempting online exams we can easily manage to open another window on existing computer.
  • Teaching techniques of an instructor or teacher may vary from online exam questions.

Example of Assessment

  • Online Laptop MCQ Test
  • Online Mobile MCQ Test
  • Online Tab MCQ Test
  • Online Application MCQ Test
  • Online Typing Test
  • Online Code Test
  • Offline MCQ Test
  • Offline Typing Test
  • Offline Code Test

Supports all major examination pattern like

  • Bank,
  • SSC,
  • Railways,
  • UPSC,
  • IIT-JEE,
  • GATE,
  • CTET,
  • JEE,
  • NEET,
  • NDA,
  • SSB,
  • CAT, and other competitive exams.
  • Multiple choices,
  • multiple answers,
  • Fill in the blanks,
  • True and False,
  • Essay,
  • Match the Matrix,
  • Match the following,
and much more. Images and Videos can also be attached. You are able to the added questions under the different subjects.

Pay as you go

  • Per Test/Per user
  • Monthly/Quarterly/Yearly
  • Unlimited User/Test Plans
  • One Time License Payment

Examination Formate

Random Question The examination automatically picks random questions for different users to avoid cheating and duplication of questions.
Security & Privacy We do an incremental back-up of all data every day and take your data privacy seriously.
Audio/Video We Upload audio, video, text, images, graphs and equations to the questions.
Live Students and Reporting Trace real-time live users taking the online test by username, test name, the medium of taking the test(web or app) and their current question number. The software provides different types of detailed reports available to the user and admin.
Import/Export Questions Import questions from a word file in a bilingual format which can include images, tables, graphs and equations, and Export the data from the admin panel of tests, users and reports in word/pdf/excel formats.
Monetize and Payment gateway Upload study material, videos, and tests to the test series and sell it to the users with the help of payment gateways like Paytm, Payu, Payu Money, CC Avenue, Instamojo, Stripe, and Paypal.
Objective & Subjective Tests Conduct both types of tests in which the user can type attempt/enter answer, upload documents & videos for different questions. It also supports different types of questions formats like Multiple choices, Multiple choices with multiple answers, Fill in the blanks, True & False, Essay, Matrix Match, Match the following, etc.
Image Capturing & Chat Tool The software automatically captures the random images of the users while taking the test and chat with live users or users can also initiate the chat.
Customizable Assessment System Our software is 110% fully customizable. We make software as per the customer or client requirement. You can give us the changes and your requirements anytime with free software demo.
  • Don’t use a basic personality screening that takes 20 minutes or less.
  • Don’t skip a phone interview.
  • Don’t try to shorten multiple face-to-face interviews.
  • Don’t skip background and reference checks, and never skip financial background checks when appropriate for the position.
  • Don’t skip giving someone homework during the interviewing process.
  • Do use in-depth work style and personality assessments.
  • Do look for red flags in the results concerning behavioral issues.
  • Do use testing to identify how team members are likely to interact.
  • Do use testing to ensure you have the right people in the right positions.
  • Do use a trained professional to review the testing results with you.

Follow these 15 Do’s and Don’ts while writing your multiple-choice quizzes to ensure that your tests are effective, straightforward, and leave no room for confusion.

DON’T:

  1. Use double negatives, such as “Which of the following is least unlikely to be a speculative purchase?” Double negatives can be very confusing to read.
  2. Use vague terms such as “often” “frequently” “rarely” “sometimes” or “might.”
  3. Write questions saying, “Which of the following is NOT…” or “All of the following are true, EXCEPT….” because students often misread those type of questions.
  4. Offer answer choices like “(a) and (b) are both correct” or “(b) and (c) are both correct.” This type of question can be very confusing to students whose brains are already overloaded with trying to remember a lot of material during the test.
  5. Use abbreviations unless you are certain that the entire class will know what they stand for.
  6. Write absolutes like “always” “never” “all” or “none,” unless you are absolutely sure that statement is true. If a student thinks of a possibility that violates the statement – no matter how far-fetched – they will think that the answer option is incorrect.

DO:

  1. Think about what learning objective you hope to achieve with each question.
  2. Group all questions on the same topic together.
  3. Group all questions with the same directions together – i.e. “True or False” or “Which of the following is true?”
  4. Make sure there is only 1 correct answer and all other answers are clearly incorrect. Students may be confused when they are instructed to choose the “best” answer.
  5. Make sure that your incorrect answer options are plausible.
  6. Write out questions in full sentences, rather than incomplete statement. For example, write “What are prokaryotic cells?” rather than “Prokaryotic cells are ______” Full sentence questions are easier to understand because the student knows what to expect before they look at the answer options.
  7. Present answer choices in numerical, alphabetical, or sequential order.
  8. Add bold, italics, underline, or capital letters to stress words that students might miss.
  9. Make sure that all answer choices are all grammatically consistent with the phrasing of the question and with each other. If an answer choice is not grammatically consistent, students might (correctly or incorrectly) assume that it cannot be the correct answer option.
If you own a business, have ambitious growth goals, and are looking for an awesome partner to help you measurably improve your marketing performance and get more leads and sales from the web, you’ve come to the right place.

Anima foundation professional web design and marketing company. You’re guaranteed to get a high-performing, lead-driving website.

If your budget is limited, we have a huge library of website design templates and layouts proven effective for SEO and for converting visits into leads. Looking for something completely custom? We do that too. It doesn’t matter whether this will be your first website or a simple SEO tune-up of your existing website, you’ve come to the right place.

Ready to Grow Your Business? Contact Our Website Design Team Today

Looking for affordable web design services? Anima Foundation is a web design company with a team of digital designers specializing in designing and building mobile-friendly websites that:

Increase leads
Drive sales growth
Optimize marketing costs
Differentiate their brands in the marketplace

Unlike other website design companies that only focus on the look of your company’s website, Blue Corona’s web designers uniquely target your industry, your market, and your customers with precision. But don’t take our word for it—check out our website design case studies that prove it.

We’ve worked with businesses of all sizes throughout their website design projects, from small local contractors to enterprise organizations, and have a team of in-house website designers ready to take on your next project.

Tell us about your business goals. Drop us a line to learn more about our web design and development services or call 898.12345.07 to tell us about your company’s website needs.

Dos & Don’ts Under GST ( Helpline - 8981234507 )

It’s been almost 2 years since GST was introduced in India, and while most CAs and businesses have got the hang of this new tax system, some are still coping with the same. In addition to this, the Government is constantly rolling out new updates, adding to the complexity of things, and taxpayers need to always stay up-to-date, in order to ensure compliance and avoid notices being issued to them.

Here are some of the Dos and Don’ts that every GST taxpayer needs to know-

Dos

1. File Your GST Returns In Time

Unlike under the previous indirect tax laws in force, there are various returns and forms to be filed/submitted under GST. One of the most basic compliances that will help a business avoid interest, late fees, and notices would be to ensure that all GST returns are filed within their respective due dates.

2. Upload Accurate Data In GSTR-1

There are a lot of fields to be filled-in while filing the GSTR-1 return. The GSTN does not allow for the amendment of a return once it is filed. While this causes hardships to taxpayers, a little caution at the time of data-entry will ensure that no reconciliations and rectifications need to be done in the returns of later months.

3. Maintain Proper Documentation

This is a requisite for GST audit. However, all businesses, even if they are not eligible for GST audit, should have a healthy practice of maintaining proper records under GST. This could mean purchase and sale registers, fixed asset registers, payment challans, e-way bills, etc. In the event of a notice of scrutiny, or even at the time of closure of books of accounts, the reconciliation process will be much smoother if proper documentation is maintained.

4. Reconcile Your Returns With Your Books Of Accounts

This is a very important procedure that businesses need to be doing on a monthly basis and not waiting till the end of the year to reconcile the returns filed with their books of accounts. The practice of timely reconciliation would enable the identification of any errors and omissions. This can be can be amended in the return of a subsequent month rather than the end of the year, and would thus save interest, and penalties, if any.

5. Reconcile E-way Bills Issued With The Invoice Details Declared in GSTR-1

All taxpayers should match the e-way bills issued with data reported in the GSTR-1. This could be one of the causes of notices being issued to taxpayers, in the event the data does not match. The non-reconciliation of E-way bills data with GST returns would also cause hardships at the time of GST audit and preparation of the annual GST return.

6. A Comparison And Reconciliation Between Returns

A very beneficial exercise to taxpayers, which will help not only in the process of filing the annual return, but also in the case of a GST audit. Taxpayers should compare their GSTR-3B returns filed, with GSTR-2A and GSTR-1, and ensure that all data matches.

7. Correct And Amend Your Returns Before Filing The Annual Return

GST return filers should ensure that all pending amendments have been made to the monthly returns, on a timely basis. If this procedure is not carried out, it could lead to a difference between the returns filed during the year and the annual return. Hence, all reconciliations should be carried out and any discrepancy should be rectified before the annual return is filed.

8. Understand The Provisions of Reverse-Charge Mechanism

The Government keeps issuing notifications with regard to the provisions of Reverse-Charge Mechanism. Every business should ensure that they stay updated with these provisions. Taxpayers should also note that input tax credit cannot be utilised when making reverse-charge payments and they can only be paid in cash.

9. Inform GST Authorities Of Changes In Your Business

All registered persons registered under the GST law should inform the GST authorities of any changes made in the particulars furnished with regard to their registration. The authorities should be intimated within 15 days of such changes. The application should be submitted on the GST portal along with the necessary documents.

10. Get Your GST Audit Done For Turnover Above 2 Crores

Every registered dealer whose turnover during a financial year exceeds Rs 2 crore has to get his accounts audited by a CA or a CMA. He has to submit his audited returns, along with his audited accounts and reconciliation statements.

Don’ts

1. Pay Tax Under The Wrong GST Head

Taxpayers sometimes make the mistake of paying tax under the wrong GST head, or paying interest under the tax head and so on. One should be extra cautious when making GST payments as the GSTN does not allow inter-utilisation of taxes. Payments under the wrong tax heads would hence lead to an unfavourable working capital.

2. Categorise Zero-rated Supplies As Nil Rated Supplies And Vice Versa

This is a common error made by users who categorise zero-rated supplies as nil-rated and vice versa. Zero rated supplies are export supplies and supplies made to an SEZ, whereas nil rated supplies are supplies on which the rate of tax is 0%. Input tax credit cannot be claimed on nil-rated supplies, and hence users should be careful while entering data in the GST returns.

3. Forget To File Your Nil Return

This is a very important aspect that taxpayers sometimes tend to ignore. If a business does not have transactions for any particular period, a user should not forget to file a NIL return for that period. This would also enable the smooth filing of subsequent returns as the GSTN does not allow returns to be filed in certain cases where past period returns have not been filed.

4. Apply The Wrong Tax Rates

The Government issues notifications regularly with the updated tax rates, as put forward by the GST council. All businesses need to stay updated with these rate changes and pay GST at the rates in force. There are also separate rates for certain goods and services that depend on whether input tax is claimed, or not. Persons issuing GST invoices should ensure that the correct tax rate is charged whenever an invoice is being issued.

5. Pay Tax If It’s To Be Paid Under Reverse Charge

This is for all businesses, on whose invoices GST is to be paid on reverse-charge. Such businesses need to identify if reverse-charge needs to be paid by the recipient, and not charge GST when issuing the invoice. This can save the double payment of tax, and the unnecessary hardship of depositing the tax, when the liability instead lies with the recipient.

6. Forget To Pay Tax On Goods Sent On Job-work (After The Expiry Of The Specified Period)

In the case of Job-work, the principal manufacturer is liable to pay tax along with the applicable interest, in case goods sent on job-work are not returned within the specified time period (1 year in the case of inputs and 3 years in the case of capital goods). In the case of moulds and dies, jigs and fixtures, when disposed off as scrap, tax is supposed to be paid by the Job-worker, or by the Principal Manufacturer, incase the Job-worker does not have a GST registration.

7. Claim Ineligible Input Tax Credit

There are certain cases where input tax credit cannot be availed such as – payments not made to suppliers within 180 days, inputs used partly for personal purposes, capital goods sold, free samples given to customers or business partners, goods destroyed, etc. Taxpayers need to stay updated with the provisions of input tax credit. Any wrongful availment of input tax credit could lead to notices being issued by the GST department.

8. Forget to Claim Transitional Credit

For those taxpayers who haven’t yet claimed their transitional credit due to a technical glitch, the Government has extended the due date to 31st March and 1st April for TRAN-1 and TRAN-2 forms respectively. Hence, users can still claim transitional credit from the pre-GST era up till the extended due dates.

These are some of the ways a tax filer can stay GST-compliant, and avoid notices from the GST department. It is always of prime importance that an enterprise’s statutory systems and dues are not neglected. This contributes to the overall health and success of the enterprise itself.

ClearTax offers a FREE integrated tool for GST registered businesses to track and check their compliance level for GST Returns filed. Every GSTIN can now access the GST Health Check tool to get the following result in an excel form:

  • A health check summary
  • GST returns filing status
  • GSTR-1 vs GSTR-3B report (tax difference)
  • GSTR-3B vs GSTR-2A report (ITC difference)
  • Vendor Compliance report

 

Here are some Do’s and Don’ts for hassle-free ITR filing this season: Helpline - 8981234507

DO’s

  • Know which tax slab you fall under. For instance, the tax slabs for different total annual gross income have different tax slabs. Find out under which tax slab do you fall in.
  • Have all the required documents with you while filing ITR. Important documents include Form 16, AADHAAR Card, PAN Card, rental agreement, sale deed and purchase deed (on sale of assets), proofs for taxes deducted by employer, bank statements, transaction statements for shares/mutual funds, TDS certificates, Investment details like LIC, PPF, NSC, NPS, Health Insurance, housing loan certificate, tax paid proofs, purchaser of property, proofs for deductions, foreign tax return, among others.
  • Choose the right ITR form as the Income Tax Department of India has made some changes in the various ITR forms this year.
  • It is important to report and disclose all your taxable income along with relevant details.
  • You need to have your AADHAAR linked with your PAN. Several notices have been passed by the Government for the linking of AADHAAR card with PAN.
  • Keep your TDS records.

DON’Ts

  • Incorrect information can cause a major delay in your ITR being processed. Hence, don’t make mistakes while filing ITR. Especially while filling details such as name as per bank records, postal address, email ID, PAN number, AADHAAR number, Bank account number, and IFSC code.
  • If you have made some investments in the financial year, make sure to mention it while filing your ITR. Do not forget to claim the deduction.
  • You can lower your tax liability by claiming deduction up to a certain extent.
  • As is compulsory for every taxpayer to calculate their tax liability and pay self-assessment tax/advance tax before the end of the Financial Year, avoid the late filing of your returns. There is a penalty charged with late filing and hence it is better not to wait for the last minute

Educational Management has the following functions:

1. Forecasting

2. Decision-making

3. Planning

4. Organization

5. Motivation

6. Control

7. Coordination

8. Evaluation

9. Recording and reporting

10. Supervision

1. Forecasting:

It is a systematic assessment of future conditions by collecting all sorts of information about the present position of the system, its present and expected resources and trying to form a picture in terms of the accepted Philosophy in a particular country to arrive at a fruitful forecast.

2. Decision-making:

Decision-making is a key factor in educational management as here we have to think of generations which will be affected by the policies decided. Having considered various alternative and consequence of each course of action, a suitable course of action must be determined. Guess work, arbitrary exercise of authority, ill considered hasty decisions should have no place in educational management. The following points must be borne in mind while deciding that the:

(a) Course of actions should be simple and easily understood by all concerned;

(b) Standards for targets must be laid down; and

(c) Goal must be clear.

3. Planning:

The plan should be flexible. The very existence of variables and uncertainties make decision-making and planning a necessity. There should be enough scope of change to cater for any unforeseen situations. There are many variables – the priorities may change due to unforeseen circumstances; equipment and grants may not become available as expected; personnel may be posted out or they may proceed on leave; all these variable contributing to the non-implementation of decisions.

4. Organization:

It is the combination of necessary human effort, material equipments in systematic and effective correlation to accomplish the desired results. Under educational administration, we organize:

(a) Ideas and principles into school systems, curricular and co-curricular activities, time schedules, norms of achievement and the like;

(b) Human beings into schools, classes, committees, groups, school staff, the inspecting staff.

(c) Material into buildings, furniture and equipment, libraries, laboratories, workshops, museums and art galleries.

5. Motivation:

Involvement in deciding policies and plans help in motivation. The term motivation aims to make the man to be cheerfully willing to do the job we want him to do. Face to face communication is quite useful if organization members are to be motivated to do their best. Communication, down, up and across is also of great importance to the motivation of organization members.

6. Control:

Effective control is an important element in educational administration. The administrator must constantly check on his terms and his 0wn performance vis-a-vis the standards laid down. He needs to take corrective action to the form of adjustments to the physical environment of work, modification and addition of materials and methods or abilities and motivation review of the personnel in terms of their spirits.

7. Cooperation:

It is required of all the elements the persons, material and ideas, knowledge and principles and so to interweave them as to achieve a common objective and a single effect. The administration should look into the: (a) relations among people, (b) allocation of tasks, and (c) division of labour.

8. Evaluation:

Evaluation is a good way to find out the success or failure of a project. Good measures are required to find out the reasons why it failed or succeeded, which steps in the process were most successful, what should have been done to improve the action and what should be done differently at the next trial.

9. Recording and reporting:

Recording and reporting are essential elements of educational management which is answerable to the parents, the higher authorities, the society etc.

10. Supervision:

The purpose of supervision is to bring about a continuing improvement in the instructional programme. Cox and Langfitt write, “Management executes, directs; supervision advises, stimulates, explains, leads, guides and assists. Both plan, both diagnose, both inspect, but management decides and orders execution, while supervision helps to decide and assist in improving instruction.”

What is a Barcode?

A barcode is a small, two-dimensional code featuring a series of lines (or bars) and spaces (typically white spaces of varying sizes with black lines of varying thickness). The specific sequence of bars and spaces are readable by a machine (a barcode scanner) and represent numbers and other symbols. There are generally five components of a barcode:

  • Quiet zone
  • Start character
  • Data characters (with an optional check character)
  • Stop character
  • Additional quiet zone

Types of 1D Barcodes

The most basic type of barcode is known as a 1D (or one-dimensional) barcode, and it’s been around since 1974 in retail applications, while some sources state that the 1D barcode originated in the 1960s in industrial work environments. These barcodes can store text-based information, such as the type, size, and color of a product. Barcodes are widely recognized by the end consumer as the code that is scanned at the point-of-sale during a product purchase, comprising the upper portion of the UPC label (Universal Product Code) found on consumer packaging; the 12-digit number found below the barcode on a UPC label is the UPC number. In a UPC code, the barcode encodes several important numbers:

  • The manufacturer’s identification number (first six digits)
  • The item number (next five digits)
  • The check digit (the final number, used to verify that the barcode was correctly scanned)

In addition to the widely recognized UPC label, one-dimensional barcodes can take a variety of other forms for various applications, including:

  • EAN Codes: EAN codes are used for similar applications as the UPC code, primarily for consumer products, and like UPC codes, they’re designed for point-of-sale scanning. There are several variations of EAN codes (EAN-13, EAN-8, JAN-13, ISBN, and ISSN).
  • ISBN Codes: ISBN codes are a variant of the EAN code and are used for books, representing the book’s ISBN number. They’re found on nearly all book covers.
  • POSTNET: POSTNET (Postal Numeric Encoding Technique) codes are used by the U.S. Postal Service on mail and represent zip codes.
  • Industrial 2 of 5: Industrial 2 of 5 codes are low-density and thus aren’t as widely used as other types of barcodes, although they are still used by some warehouses today.
  • Interleaved 2 of 5: Interleaved 2 of 5 barcodes are used in the shipping industry as well as in warehousing. Industrial 2 of 5 codes (mentioned above) have spaces of fixed width, while Interleaved 2 of 5 codes do not have fixed-width spaces – allowing both the bar and space widths to be used in encoding information.
  • Standard 2 of 5: Yet another variation of the Industrial 2 of 5 code, the Standard 2 of 5 code also has spaces of fixed width. It’s used infrequently today, but was once used for airline tickets, photofinishing, and for sorting in the warehouse industry.
  • Codabar: Codabar barcodes are used in blood banks, in libraries, in photo labs, and by Federal Express. They’re also known as USD-4 and ABC Codabar.
  • Code 11: These are high-density barcodes most frequently used to label equipment in the telecommunications industry. Code 11 is also known as USD-8. These barcodes can encode digits between 0 and 9, but they’re considered low-security barcodes as slight printing variations can skew the bars, causing them to scan as an incorrect but valid character.

The 1D barcode variations listed above represent numeric digits only. There are also several alpha-numeric variations (symbologies):

  • Plessey Code: Used to mark grocery store shelves, the Plessey code has several variations including the MSI, Anker, and Telxon barcodes. The MSI barcode is still used today in the U.S. It can encode digits from 0 to 9 and the letters A through F.
  • Code 39 (Code 3 of 9): Code 39 symbology is used for item identification, for inventory management purposes, and for tracking shipments.
  • Code 128: A more compact version of Code 39, Code 128 is preferred due to its compact size for the same applications. It can encode digits 0 through 9 and letters A through Z, as well as all standard ASCII symbols.
  • LOGMARS: Another variation of Code 39, LOGMARS (Logistics Applications of Automated Marking and Reading Symbols) is specific to the U.S. Department of Defense.
  • Code 93: Yet another version of Code 39, Code 93 is also known as USS-93 and can encode the same characters as Code 39, although it supports the full ASCII.

Applications for 1D Barcodes

  • In addition to point-of-sale applications, 1D barcodes are also used for labeling raw materials and inventory management, providing a way to monitor inventory levels with less need for hands-on human intervention (and less room for human error). They’re also used by the postal service and throughout the shipping industry as a whole, providing a more accurate way to track packages and ensure delivery.Additionally, barcodes are used to label and manage library books (and for ISBN codes on all books), for filing systems, and in a variety of other applications with the need to track and manage a large volume of inventory or supplies.

    Advantages of 1D Barcodes

    Barcodes are widely utilized due to a few distinct advantages:

    • They are relatively inexpensive.
    • They allow for more accurate inventory management compared to manual inventory methods.
    • They enable speedy, efficient operations.
    • They can increase a company’s profitability by reducing manual labor costs, improving inventory control, and speeding up the supply chain.

What is a QR Code?

The QR code (Quick Response Code) was first created for the automotive industry in Japan in 1994, making it an infant relative to the decades-old barcode. QR codes are two-dimensional (2D) barcodes, also known as matrix codes. The term “QR code” is actually a trademark for a specific type of two-dimensional matrix code, but its use is so widespread that “QR code” has become the de-facto face of the two-dimensional barcode (although there are other types of 2D barcodes as well).

QR codes and barcodes are both machine-readable, optical labels that store information about an item or product. Unlike the standard 1D barcode, QR codes can store information in two directions – horizontally and vertically – while 1D barcodes can only store information in one direction – horizontally. This allows them to hold much more information: a 1D barcode can typically store about 20 to 25 characters, although some variations can store more – the standard Code 39 barcode, for instance, can store up to 43 characters. A QR code, on the other hand, can store up to 2,509 numeric characters or 1,520 alpha-numeric characters, storing information such as:

  • Email addresses
  • Names
  • Product details
  • Website URLs
  • Dates (such as calendar appointments)
  • SMS messages
  • Geolocation data
  • Plain text

In addition to numeric and alpha-numeric characters, QR codes can also support byte/binary and Kanji data modes.

Applications for QR Codes

Thanks to their ability to store various types of information, QR codes are used for a variety of applications. You’ll find them on cereal boxes, posters, advertisements, on museum exhibits (connecting visitors to additional information about an exhibit), and even on business cards, allowing a contact to simply scan the QR code to input all the individual’s information, from their name and physical address to company name, phone number, website, and more.

While QR codes gained recognition due to their increasingly widespread use in marketing and consumer-facing applications, they can also be useful in industrial applications, such as:

  • Operational instructions: QR codes can be used to convey operating instructions, procedures, and other information necessary for operating heavy equipment.
    • Facilities management: They can be used to document schematics and other instructions for plumbing, wiring systems, and alarm systems, providing an easy way to communicate these details to contractors or maintenance workers.
    • Maintenance and repairs: QR codes may be used to submit requests for maintenance service or as a way to easily document that routine maintenance has been performed, creating a complete audit trail of service and repair records.
    • Regulatory compliance: In industrial applications, equipment and machinery often requires periodic inspection, regular maintenance, and permits or licenses to comply with regulatory requirements. QR codes can be utilized to store this information and make it readily accessible.
  •  

    There are several innovative uses of QR codes in municipal and construction settings, such as placing QR codes on construction signage to direct people to information that addresses community concerns or QR codes that auto-dial emergency services when scanned. Some municipalities are using QR codes to connect to building permits and to provide citizens with easy access to information about building projects, such as the property owner, the scope of work for a construction site, and related projects. Some localities are even using QR codes to create a virtual walking tour of the city.

    Note, however, that regulatory guidelines in some industries require the use of specific symbology, colors, and text, and storing such information in a QR code in lieu of having the full required signage in visible format (without the need to scan a QR code) may not meet regulatory requirements. Industrial safety signs are one example. When it comes to safety, expediency is key, necessitating clear, concise, and readily digestible safety warnings and important information – such as fire exits. It’s not realistic to expect individuals to scan QR codes (or 1D barcodes, for that matter) to find the nearest fire exit, making QR codes impractical for such applications. However, QR codes may be used to supplement required signage in some industrial applications, provided that the appropriate signage is also present.

    Advantages of QR Codes

    2D barcodes, as a whole, are considered more secure, as the information they store is easily encrypted and allows for less room for error. QR codes, specifically, have three levels of error-detection built-in. The minimum size for QR codes is 21-by-21 cells. They can increase in size in increments of 4-by-4 cells, with a maximum size of 105-by-105 cells.

  • The QR code’s claim to fame is that they bridge the gap between the digital and physical worlds. While first introduced in 1994, they didn’t gain much ground for the next several years. But by 2006, nearly 100% of mobile users had smartphones capable of scanning QR codes, providing unprecedented opportunities for brands to connect and share information with consumers or users.Still, while they’re increasingly being used in a variety of applications, QR codes have yet to fully realize their potential in this context. Most smartphones today can scan both QR codes and 1D barcodes (such as UPC codes) with an app, but the newest models are coming with some baked-in QR scanning capabilities. As they become easier for end consumers to use they are likely to become even more prominent in consumer-facing applications. For instance, Google Chrome announced in February 2017 that the mobile version of its browser will now come with built-in scanning functionality – but notably, this functionality applies not only to QR codes, but to 1D barcodes, as well. In other words, those who use the Chrome browser on their mobile devices will no longer need to download a separate application to scan barcodes and QR codes.

    Readability: Analyzing Potential Readability Issues

    QR codes may be considered easier to scan compared to 1D barcodes, as they can be scanned in any direction, whereas 1D barcodes have to be scanned from the proper angle. A linear barcode scanner cannot read a 2D barcode, although an imager scanner can read both 1D and 2D barcodes.

    That said, readability issues (the ability of a barcode scanner to scan and decode data in a barcode) are a concern with both 1D and 2D barcodes, and they often suffer from similar technical and environmental variables, such as:

    • Low contrast: Barcode scanners (both linear scanners and imagers) require high contrast in order to scan a barcode or QR code accurately. Barcodes or QR codes printed on dark backgrounds, for instance, often suffer from readability issues. Variations in the consistency of markings or printing methods, as well as a lack of uniformity in the background or substrate material, can create contrast issues. Additionally, contrast can be impacted by environmental factors such as lighting conditions. For example, lighting conditions that cause shadows or reflections on the substrate can impact readability. While both 1D barcodes and QR codes can suffer from poor contrast, 1D barcodes typically require a higher contrast compared to QR codes and other 2D barcodes.
    • Inadequate quiet zones: All barcodes require quiet zones, or white space surrounding the barcode or symbol. All types of barcodes have minimum quiet zone requirements. If other content (text, images, or other elements) breach the quiet zone, a barcode reader may interpret those marks as being part of the barcode, resulting in inaccurate decoding. In other cases, scanners may be unable to decode the symbol at all. In 1D barcodes, the quiet zone is generally a minimum of 10 times the width of the narrowest bar and extends to both the left and right of the symbol. In 2D barcodes, such as QR codes, the quiet zone is present on all four sides of the symbol. The general rule of thumb for 2D barcodes is that the quiet zone should be at least the width of one cell on all sides, although best practice is a width of 10% of the height or width of the symbol.
    • Printing/marking inconsistencies: Many readability issues result from printing or marking inconsistencies. In addition to creating poor contrast or resulting in markings that breach the quiet zone, inconsistencies in marking may result in skewed symbols or shape or uniformity issues, all of which can render a symbol unreadable.
    • Distorted symbols: It’s not always a flaw in the printing or marking methodology that creates readability issues. 1D and 2D barcode symbols, including QR codes, can be distorted after the fact due to damage. Scratches, exposure to condensation, debris, stains, and other environmental effects can lead to distorted symbols that are unreadable or decoded inaccurately by a barcode reader.
    • Scanning angle: As mentioned, 1D barcodes must be scanned from the proper scanning angle, and they must be scanned horizontally. With linear barcode scanners, that means that the laser line must extend horizontally across the entire width of the symbol.
    • Scanning distance: The barcode scanner’s capabilities also play a role; some scanners can decode symbols from greater distances, and some require a minimum distance to decode a symbol. This is known as “depth of field,” referring to the closest scanning distance to the farthest scanning distance.

    These potential pitfalls can be managed in several ways:

    • Choosing the right barcode symbology for your application. Both 1D barcodes and QR codes have many applications. If you need to store more data than an identification number in a symbol, for instance, QR codes are more suitable. That said, 1D barcodes containing item ID numbers are often connected to a database, allowing users to readily access other data about an item or asset with a single scan, as well.
    • Procuring high-quality barcode labels using quality substrate materials and reliable printing and marking processes to ensure appropriate durability for your application. In industrial applications in which barcodes may be exposed to moisture, extreme temperatures or inclement weather, abrasives, harsh cleaning solutions, or other hazards, you should opt for labels with the durability to withstand these elements over the expected lifespan of the asset.
    • Utilizing the right barcode scanning technology for your symbology and application requirements. For instance, if your organization needs to scan items at a variety of angles, an imager is a better option than a linear barcode scanner, providing greater flexibility in scanning angles and orientation. If you’re utilizing QR codes, linear scanners are incapable of decoding these symbols.
    • Ensuring that attachment methods don’t obscure or interfere with the symbology. As an example, a barcode label that relies on mechanical attachments should have enough space to allow for holes, bolts, or other attachments while still maintaining the minimum quiet zone.

    Choosing the Right Barcode Scanning Technology

    There are a variety of considerations in choosing a barcode scanner, such as handheld vs. fixed-location barcode scanners, wired and wireless models, and scanning distance. In addition to linear barcode readers and imagers, omni-directional scanners are another option. Like laser barcode readers, they use a laser, but in a mixed-grid pattern rather than a single straight laser line. Some omni-directional barcode scanners are capable of reading 2D barcodes. Additionally, many smartphones are now capable of scanning both 1D and 2D barcodes, either with the aid of a downloadable app or as a native capability.

    There are other advantages and disadvantages between lasers and imagers, including:

    • Imagers are less tolerant of motion (consider the blurred effect you often get when trying to take a still photo of action). Laser scanners allow for rapid data capture, making them more motion-tolerant and ideal for fast-paced environments.
    • Imagers, however, are better at scanning at varying angles compared to laser scanners. Imagers are getting better in this regard; some advanced imagers and smartphones are better able to decode blurry images than early imagers.
    • Laser scanners are typically better for long-distance scanning. The scanning distance is also dependent on the symbol – larger barcodes, naturally, are more easily scanned from greater distances, and barcodes with more spacing between the bars are better-suited for long-range scanning.
    • Imagers are better for decoding faded, damaged or low-quality (poor contrast, inconsistent markings, etc.) barcodes.

    The Bottom Line: Barcodes or QR Codes?

    There are many applications in which there is no definitive correct choice between 1D barcodes and QR codes. When you simply need to store an item identification number or connect to information in a database about a product or item, 1D barcodes are a suitable choice.

    When you need to store larger amounts of data and make that information accessible to others (inspectors, citizens, etc.) who do not have access to the database where additional information is stored, QR codes are a valuable tool for making such information easily accessible. They’re also a space-saving solution when you need to provide ready access to product specifications, instruction manuals, or procedures but lack the room for larger labels and signage on the item.

    A careful analysis of your application requirements, regulatory compliance concerns, the feasibility of including additional labels and signage for compliance, and your barcode scanning technology (or ability to upgrade to the necessary scanning technology) will help you to select the right symbology for your needs.

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